Naturalist's Notes

Brook Trout in NEPA

By Paul Lumia • Posted on: October 17, 2017

The eastern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a char, the only salmonid native to the cold water streams of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth’s state fish. Historically the range of our state fish was much larger but due to changes in climate, development and air pollution the known habitat has shrunk considerably!


Conservation Subdivision = Better Land Use

By Paul Lumia • Posted on: February 1, 2013

Many of our planning methods and zoning codes are based on archaic land use guidelines that have not been updated for many, many years. Because of this, we are very inefficient in the way we develop our open space. These inefficiencies lead to burdensome expenses that the municipality often times cannot cope with. Conservation Subdivisions represent a better way to develop our land that can ultimately reduce municipal expenses.


Restoring a Cultural Icon

By Paul Lumia • Posted on: July 6, 2012

The American chestnut tree reigned over 200 million acres of eastern woodlands from Maine to Florida, and from the Piedmont west to the Ohio Valley, until succumbing to a lethal fungus infestation, known as the chestnut blight, during the first half of the 20th century. An estimated 4 billion American chestnuts, 1/4 of the hardwood tree population, grew within this range.


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